Teaching Reading

Comprehension Strategies for Middle School

For this blog post, I want to talk about some of the comprehension strategies I found online for my part in our final project. Since these were found online, all the links to the articles will be at the end of this post.

The first thing I want to talk about has a couple different parts within it. This is graphic organizers. These are physical things that are created by students or teachers that help students see important parts of a story. The first graphic organizer is a Venn-Diagram. This is used to compare and contrast two sources. This can include books, poems, short stories, and so on. The next graphic organizer is called Chain of Events. This is created to help students see the order of which the events happen within a story. This is helpful for students towards the end of the story because they are able to correctly recall events without getting them confusing on where they fall within the story. The next graphic organizer is called a Story Map. The story map is used to keep track of important parts of the text. This includes conflicts, characters, climax, setting, and resolution. The final graphic organizer I want to talk about is cause/effect. A cause/effect organizer is used to see different parts of the story and how they effected the story or characters. This is helpful to students because they are able to see how events help the story to progress.

The next thing I want to talk about is helping student with comprehension by asking them questions. I found different types of questions that can be asked so that will be what I discuss next. The first question is called Right There. This is a question that can be answered based off the text. In other words, the student only needs the text in order to correctly answer the question. The next question is called the Think and Search. This is similar to the Right There question because the Think and Search can be found using the text only. The difference is that the Right There question is usually a one word answer while the Think and Search is something that happens in the story. The next question is called Author and You. This question asks students to make assumptions based on the text. This answer cannot be found in the text but it needs to be supported by what the text says. The final question is called On Your Own. This is when a question is asked and students are supposed to use their real-life experiences to answer the question. This question will help students relate more to the story thus help with their comprehension.

Overall, these are just a couple of strategies that can easily be incorporated into any lesson. These things allow for students to create and analyze the text more than they would if they were just reading for fun. In the article below, there are more strategies that I did not discuss in this post.

References:

http://www.readingrockets.org/article/seven-strategies-teach-students-text-comprehension

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